Tag Archives: Michel Foucault

01. Orbis Tertius | 5. The horizon of our concerns | a. Looking backward iii.

iii. Howard’s garden cities were circular in form with six radial boulevards, 37m wide, and a population of 32,000. Each would produce its own food and be self-sustaining. This solar system of “slumless, smokeless cities” would orbit a central city (pop. 58,000), connected to it, and each other, by road, rail and canal, with the land in between given over to farms and forests, as well as homes for convalescents, waifs, inebriates and the insane (the other spaces).



But these heterotopias of crisis are disappearing today and are being replaced, I believe, by what we might call heterotopias of deviation: those in which individuals whose behaviour is deviant  in relation to the required mean of the norm are placed. Cases of this are rest homes and psychiatric hospitals, and of course prisons…

—Michel Foucault, Other Spaces, 1967

01. Orbis Tertius | 1. I hear a new world | b. There was a ship iii.

iii. You will need a boat — a heterotopia (“par excellence”¹) with which to reach utopia. Also a map, a compass, an ocean to cross and a shore from which to launch. Or perhaps a coiled jetty, like Tatlin’s Tower seen from space, unfurling towards the horizon.


¹…the boat is a floating piece of space, a place without a place, that exists by itself, that is closed in on itself and at the same time is given over to the infinity of the sea…
— Michel Foucault, Other Spaces, 1967